Dexamethasone is cheap , easily available steroid. It has been discovered as the first drug which has been able to increase the survival rate from the novel Coronavirus.
It was given orally or through IV . After the completion of 28 days , it was able to reduce deaths by 35% in patients , who required treatment with breathing machines and 20% in those who needed supplement oxygen.
2,104 patients were assigned this drug whereas 4321 were given usual care.
“This is an extremely welcome result” , said Peter Horby from University of Oxford .
“The survival benefit is clear and large in those patients who are sick enough to require oxygen treatment , so dexamethasone should now become standard of care in these patients. Dexamethasone is inexpensive , on the shelf and can be used immediately to save lives worldwide” , he further added